I-Pass Solutions is a manufacturer and distributor of Open Road Tolling transponder covers. Open Road Tolling (ORT) is a type of electronic toll collection without the use of toll booths. The major advantage to ORT is that users are able to drive through the toll plaza at highway speeds without having to slow down to pay the toll. These are predominantly used in the Mid-West and East Coast. In all, there are 23 states that use a transponder in some fashion in the US and several other countries. The most common of the types of transponders in the US is the EZ-Pass and is used by over 24 million people. The I-Pass and FasTrak are the next predominant in common usage and collectively are used by about 12 million people. For instance, currently over 80% of Illinois' 1.4 million daily drivers use an I-PASS.
In some urban settings, automated gates are in use in electronic-toll lanes, with 5 mph legal limits on speed; in other settings, 20 mph legal limits are not uncommon. However, in other areas such as the Garden State Parkway in New Jersey, and at various locations in California, Florida, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Texas, cars can travel through electronic lanes at full speed. Illinois's Open Road Tolling program features 274 contiguous miles of barrier-free roadways, where I-PASS or E-Z Pass users continue to travel at highway speeds through toll plazas, while cash payers pull off the main roadway to pay at tollbooths.
Enforcement is accomplished by a combination of a camera which takes a picture of the car and a radio frequency keyed computer which searches for a driver’s window/bumper mounted transponder to verify and collect payment. The system sends a notice and fine to cars that pass through without having an active account or paying a toll.
Factors hindering full-speed electronic collection include significant non-participation, entailing lines in manual lanes and disorderly traffic patterns as the electronic- and manual- collection cars "sort themselves out" into their respective lanes; problems with pursuing toll evaders; need, in at least some current (barrier) systems, to confine vehicles in lanes, while interacting with the collection devices, and the dangers of high-speed collisions with the confinement structures; vehicle hazards to toll employees present in some electronic-collection areas; the fact that in some areas at some times, long lines form even to pass through the electronic-collection lanes; and costs and other issues raised when retrofitting existing toll collection facilities. Unionized toll collectors can also be problematic.
Even if line lengths are the same in electronic lanes as in manual ones, electronic tolls save registered cars time; eliminating the stop at a window or toll machine, between successive cars passing the collection machine, means a fixed-length stretch of their journey past it is traveled at a higher average speed, and in a lower time. This is at least a psychological improvement, even if the length of the lines in automated lanes is sufficient to make the no-stop-to-pay savings insignificant compared to time still lost due waiting in line to pass the toll gate. Toll plazas are typically wider than the rest of the highway; reducing the need for them makes it possible to fit toll roads into tight corridors.
Despite these limitations, however, it is important to recognize that throughput increases if delay at the toll gate is reduced (i.e., if the tollbooth can serve more vehicles per hour). The greater the throughput of any toll lane, the fewer lanes required, so expensive construction can be deferred. Specifically, the toll-collecting authorities have incentives to resist pressure to limit the fraction of electronic lanes in order to limit the length of manual-lane lines. In the short term, the greater the fraction of automated lanes, the lower the cost of operation (once the capital costs of automating are amortized). In the long term, the greater the relative advantage that registering and turning one's vehicle into an electronic-toll one provides, the faster cars will be converted from manual-toll use to electronic-toll use, and therefore the fewer manual-toll cars will drag down average speed and thus capacity.
In some countries, some toll agencies that use similar technology have set up (or are setting up) reciprocity arrangements, which permit one to drive a vehicle on another operator's tolled road with the tolls incurred charged to the driver's toll-payment account with their home operator. An example is the United States E-Z Pass tag, which is accepted on toll roads, bridges and tunnels in fourteen states from Illinois to Maine to Florida. In fact, even though the FasTrak for the Bay Area and the one for Los Angeles are very different in appearance, they will both work in the different cities.
While this is impressive technology, the devises themselves, which are required to be attached to the windshield just below the rear-view mirror, are very unsightly. What I-Pass Solutions does is make the transponder resemble the dashboard of the car it's used in. In this way, the transponder now becomes a much more natural component of the car and isn't so awkward in appearance. To this end, we even address the different types of dashboard color and grain appearances from the different car manufacturers.
Are our materials leather from the manufacturer?
No, our product material is PU material. Leather materials were deemed too unreliable and too time consuming to care for due to the thinness of the material covering the cases. During the manufacturing process, we remove a very significant amount of the backing of the material that would affect the hydration of the material over time.
In 1980 the US Government began to get involved with the paint process used by auto makers, namely the volatile organic compounds (VOC) content of the petroleum based paints and solvents being used in genuine leather products. The allowable emission limits of VOC were subjected to dramatic cutbacks.
In order to comply with these regulations the finishes now used for US, Asian and European automotive leather upholstery have a water-based pigmented finish to produce a uniform colour and are protected with a urethane covering. Modern automotive leather upholstery is classified as finished leather, which means that the surface has a urethane covering that cannot absorb wax, lanolin or oil-based 'conditioners'. Therefore the hydrating agent/cleaner must be water-based and not contain oils and/or waxes. Leather is very dynamic with respect to its moisture content; the leather hides needs to be kept supple.The purpose of rehydration is to restore moisture lost through evaporation, so whatever the surface finish, it has to allow the movement of moisture back and forth (evaporation and hydration). So the use of water- based cleaners and protectors would have to be used to maintain hydration, which is essential to keeping it in pristine condition.
This seemed far too excessive as this process would need to occur frequently or the surface material could fail or begin cracking.
We are located at 12021 Wilshire Blvd., #368, West Los Angeles, CA 90025. We can also be reached by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Design and utility patent pending